Many times you hear that if we need any information from government, we can get through RTI. But you may not know what is RTI? what does RTI means in India? In India, the term “RTI” stands for “Right to Information”. There are many other popular full forms of RTI worldwide. To know other popular full forms, you may read Full Forms of RTI.
What is RTI? What does RTI means in India? RTI stands for?
Right to Information is right of citizen to get information from government. This right empowers the citizen to question the government by seeking information available with government or under control of government. A citizen can seek all type of information except private or confidential information. To understand what type of information can you get under Right to Information Act, 2005, you may read What is information? What information can we ask under RTI?
When to use RTI?
Now, you have understood that what is RTI? what does RTI means in India? Many times we get confused about when to use RTI Act, 2005. We think that we can use RTI for grievance redressal, complaint against any public servant, etc. Thus, it is most important to clarify the applicability of RTI Act. Let me explain this using flow chart.
From the above flow chart, you can see that RTI Act can be used only to get information available with or under control of government, not for grievance redressal. If you have any complaint against any public servant then Grievance Redressal Mechanisms are right forum.
What is Right to Information Act, 2005?
Right to Information Act, 2005 was enacted by central government to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens and came into force on 12 October 2005. Every citizen have right to information subject to the provision of Right to Information Act, 2005. This act provides what information can a citizen ask or can not ask under Right to Information, and what are the procedures to get information under Right to Information Act, 2005. To undestand how does Right to Information Act, 2005 work, you may read Right to Information Act 2005 through Flow Chart.
Why shall government provide information to Citizen?
Government runs on tax payer’s money. Thus, all the information available with government is at the cost of citizen, who pays taxes. Accordingly, every citizen has right to get everything that is produced at his/her cost. On the other hand, government must be transparent and accountable to the citizen in its functioning .
Does the Constitution of India guarantee Right to Information?
In various cases, Honorable Supreme Court of India has observed that Right to Information is an integral part of Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India. You may read relevant excerpts of few of those judgements at Decisions of Supreme Court on Right to Information.